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Spanish Lessons

Tips: The Spanish language is derived from Latin roots so you will find that many of the verbs and words are very similar to other European words. In general, try to pronounce all the syllables. Also, here are some sounds to be aware of: g (h); d (soft th); v (b); 11 (ya).

Welcome to your vacation guide to Spanish.  A visitor can manage quite well with just English when visiting Cozumel Island.  But why not have some fun and learn a new language at the same time?  With just a few tips, you will be on your way to a great vacation in Mexico.

Guide to Spanish Pronunciation | Guide to Spanish Phrases | Numbers


Guide to Spanish Pronounciation

Below is the English approximation to Spanish pronounciation.  In general, all vowels and consonants are pronounced with the exception of the letter h.

Letter
Approximate Pronunciation
Example
a
ah
patio
e
met
mesa
i
beet
yellow - before another vowel
sí 
fiesta
o
core
rosa
u
due
water - before another vowel
Tulum 
bueno
b, v
both pronounced like back
bien, vista
c
sister - before e, i 
cat - before a,o,u
cinco 
como
d
dog - beginning of a word or after n, l, d 
this - in other positions
dos, caldo 
sed
g
help - before e, i
goat - in other positions
inteligente 
gracias
h
honest - h is silent
honor
j
help 
jardin
ll
yes
silla
ñ
canyon
señor
q
cue
queso
r
better
tres
rr
trilled sound like a motorcycle
perro
x
see - before consonants
tax - kc sound, between vowels
taxi
z
set
Arizona
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Guide to Spanish Phrases

Greetings and Good-byes   
Good morning. Buenos días.
Good afternoon. Buenas tardes.
Good evening. Buenas noches. 
Hello. Hola. 
How are you? (formal). Cómo está usted?
How are you? (informal) Cómo está?
How's it going? Qué tal?
Very well thanks. Muy bien, gracias.
And you (formal) Y usted?
And you (informal) Y tú?
Goodbye Adiós.
See you later. Hasta luego.
See you tomorrow. Hasta mañana.
Good night. Buenos noches.
Introductions  
What's your name? (formal) Cómo se llama usted?
What's your name? (informal) Cómo se llama?
My name is ..... Me llamo...
Very pleased to meet you. Mucho gusto.
How do you do? Encantado de conocerle?
Words of Courtesy  
Thank you very much. Muchas gracias.
No, thank you. No, gracias.
You're welcome De nada.
Please Por favor.
Pardon me. (to get attention)  
Pardon me. (to pass)
Perdón.  
Con permiso.
Other Useful Phrases  
Yes.
No. No.
Good Bueno
Bad Malo
Why? Por qué?
When? Cuándo?
Where? Dónde?
What? Qué?
How? Cómo?
How much it is? Cuánto Cuesta?
That's too much. Eso es demasiado
I don't understand. No comprendo.
I don't speak Spanish. No hablo Español
The bill, please. La Cuenta, por favor.
Bathroom? El baño?
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Numbers

1
uno
6
seis
11
once
16
dieciséis
2
dos
7
siete
12
doce
17
diecisiete
3
tres
8
ocho
13
trece
18
dieciocho
4
cuatro
9
nueve
14
catorce
19
diecinueve
5
cinco
10
diez
15
quince
20
veinte

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